La Banque mondiale publie un rapport sur les pratiques pays pour lutter contre les trafics illicites du tabac dans le monde

Écrit par © Filactu le . Rubrique: Publications

Couv-Confronting-Illicit-Tobacco-TradeLa Banque mondiale a publié, le 23 janvier 2019, un rapport monumental de 706 pages sur les solutions mises en œuvre par les pays pour lutter contre les trafics illicites des produits du tabac. Celui-ci couvre les cinq continents et pas moins de 52 pays, dont l’Union européenne, mais hors États-Unis.

À titre d’exemple, selon l’Agence Ecofin, « la part du trafic illicite de cigarettes en Afrique subsaharienne (ASS) va de 41 % au Cameroun à 38 % en Éthiopie et descend à 25 % dans des pays comme l’Algérie, le Nigeria, l’Afrique du Sud et la Zambie. Globalement d’après la Banque mondiale, 43 milliards de tiges de cigarettes illégales circulent chaque année sur le marché en ASS.  À l’échelle mondiale, les pertes en recettes fiscales liées au tabac illégal sont estimées entre 40-50 milliards $, ce qui représente l’équivalent de 10% de la valeur de consommation mondiale de cigarettes ».

Confronting tobacco illicit trade: a global review of country experiences

The reasons to reduce illicit trade in tobacco products are compelling. The question is how. In response to demand from senior government officials and other partners, this book provides practical input and guidance based on diverse country experiences. The volume adopts a model of practice-oriented case studies designed to complement the guidelines set forth in the WHO FCTC Protocol, and other normative sources. The aim is to present hands-on facts/guidance that policymakers and implementers can readily utilize, as appropriate. The book also provides resources to inform and empower civil society watchdog and advocacy organizations.

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Illicit trade in tobacco products undermines global tobacco prevention and control interventions, particularly with respect to tobacco tax policy. Additionally, tobacco illicit trade often depends on and can contribute to weakened governance.

Confronting Tobacco Illicit Trade: A Global Review of Country Experiences, prepared in collaboration with a multisectoral team across different institutions, demonstrates that reducing illicit trade in tobacco products is critical whether viewed from the perspective of public health, public finance, governance, or equity.

This publication presents country and regional case studies, covering over 30 countries, and provides practical input regarding how to address tobacco illicit trade. It also summarizes the good practices and recommendations that emerge from the country cases and draws on guidance from the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control’s (FCTC) Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products, as well as from the European Union (EU), and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Key messages from this report include the following:

  • Tobacco taxes play only a minor role in illicit trade.
  • To reduce illicit trade in tobacco products, it is both crucial and feasible for all countries to strengthen tax administration and enforcement.
  • The strengthening of tax administration and tobacco tax reform should be viewed as mutually complementary.


This report demonstrates the importance - and feasibility - of addressing illicit trade in tobacco products as an integral part of tobacco tax reform and comprehensive tobacco control. <

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Executive Summary